Research and Articles

A position paper of the Probation Officers Association of Ontario (2004)

This paper identifies the role of probation officers in Restorative Justice processes.

Aboriginal Women and Restorative Justice: An Issue Paper

This is a paper that was presented at the National Aboriginal Women’s Summit (2007). It describes examples of best practices in Aboriginal Communities  and recommendations for further implementation of Restorative Justice.

An alternative to retributive justice: Designing a restorative justice program

598 Report

Anna Robinson
BA, University of Victoria, 2010

Attitudes of Victims and Offenders toward Restorative Justice

The study was conducted to see what it is about the Restorative Justice process of VOM (Victim-Offender Mediation) that contributes to the satisfaction of the victims.

Considerations for Best Practices in the Field of Restorative Justice

Eight areas to consider for best practices are described in generic terms. Full explanation is given on Skills for Justice and NOS for Restorative Justice


Creating a Framework from the Wisdom of the Community

This report is a summary of the best practices as described by Rocky Victim Services.

Creating Alternatives for Young Offenders in Toronto

This paper describes a program for young offenders in Greater Toronto area called PACT (participation, acknowledgement, commitment and transformation).


Evaluation of the Collaborative Justice Project: A Restorative Justice Program for Serious Crimes (2005)

This research evaluates the benefits of using Restorative Justice processes in serious crime.  The study used an evaluation group and a matched comparison group.

Findings from Schools Implementing Restorative Practices

This data is from schools in the United States, England and Canada that are implementing restorative practices. The report presents brief portraits of each school or district, focusing on how school climate has changed due to restorative practices, as well as data on reductions in school violence, discipline problems, suspensions and expulsions/exclusions.


Formal System Processing of Juveniles: Effects on Deliquency (Campbell Systemic Reviews)

This study examined the question: “Does juvenile system processing reduce subsequent delinquency?” Based on the evidence presented, the conclusion reached by the authors is that “ juvenile system processing appears to not have a crime control effect and across all measures appears to increase delinquency.” This was true across measures of prevalence, incidence, severity, and self –report. Given the additional financial costs associated with system processing (especially when compared to doing nothing) and the lack of evidence for any public safety benefit, jurisdictions should review their policies regarding the handling of juveniles” (pg. 6).


Guiding Principles Towards Restorative Based Programs or Approaches

New Study Shows Benefit of Restorative Justice

This study conducted by the Smith Institute in London draws from 36 studies in the United Kingdom. It showed that participation in Restorative Justice practices can have a significant impact on re-offending rate if offenders and can provide benefits to victims.

Penetrating the Walls: Implementing a System-wide Restorative Justice approach to the Justice System (2003)

This paper describes the process used in Nova Scotia to launch its Restorative Justice initiative throughout the province.

Positive Effect of Restorative Justice on Re-Offending (PDF)

Key findings from 47 studies in UK on the effect of Restorative Justice processes on re-offending. There is a summary of the findings in addition to the complete report.

Practice Standards for Restorative Justice: A Practitioner’s Toolkit (2007) (PDF)

This report describes the study undertaken to arrive at practice standards, measurable outcomes and measures for evaluation for the criminal justice system in South Africa.

Report of the Alberta Victims of Crime Consultation – September 2002

This report contains consultation with victims of crime and service providers to create a ten year vision for victims, with recommendations on how to achieve this vision. One recommendation is that Alberta supports Restorative Justice programs.

Restorative Justice and Reconviction

The report describes the reconviction rates and cost effectiveness of three restorative justice programs.

Restorative Justice As Social Justice for Victims of Gendered Violence (2009)

This paper discusses the relevance of Restorative Justice for women who have been victimized by physical or sexual abuse. The discussion is formed by insights from the teaching of standpoint feminist theory and sound social work values, especially social justice.

Restorative Justice in Canada

A report prepared by the Canadian Resource Centre for Victims of Crime to indicate the benefits a Restorative Justice Program would have. See website under Restorative Justice in Canada.

Restorative Justice in New Zealand

A New Zealand government report description of restorative justice in New Zealand including a discussion of bests practices of Restorative Justice in criminal cases.

Restorative Justice Program Survey (2009); Missouri Restorative Justice Coalition

This survey looks at past and future activities of the Coalition and includes cost analysis and recidivism rates.


Restorative Practices in New School Discipline Policy

Describes the new discipline policy that has been approved in 2008 by Denver Public School Board. This policy relies less on suspensions and gives students and parents a greater voice in the process.

Results-Based Management and Accountability Framework

This document is a framework for the partnership between Nova Scotia Restorative Justice and Community Research Alliance. It describes the expectations, goals, activities, planned outcomes and benefits to be achieved.


Victims Advocating for Restorative Justice

A program called, “Why Me?”, is described is this paper. It is a program set up for victims who could benefit from restorative justice processes.